Modern-day cartilage surgery including cartilage cell transplantation

Name of procedure:
OATS (osteochondral autograft transplantation system)
ACT (autologous chondrocyte transplantation)
mACT (matrix-assisted autologous chondrocyte transplantation)
Cartilage cell transplantation

When is a surgery indicated?
Limited cartilage damage to the knee and ankle, in the presence of otherwise good cartilage
Surgical procedures:
Different procedures depending on the extent and location of the damage

Inpatient stay: 2-3 days
Time off work: up to 4 months
Follow-up treatment:
Depending on procedure, partial weight-bearing on the leg for 4-6 weeks using underarm crutches